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Saturday, 25 March 2017

Analysis of the 2019 Recommended Jamb novel for UTME 'IN DEPENDENCE' by Sarah Ladipo Manyika'

                                                          

Table of Content

1. Short Summary


2. Summary of Each Chapter Of
JAMB Novel For 2018 UTME- In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka


3. Themes of the novel in dependence by by Sarah Ladipo Manyika


4. Role of Major Characters of the novel in dependence by by Sarah Ladipo Manyika


5. SOME IMPORTANT CHARACTERS OF THE BOOK "IN DEPENDENCE"


6. Likely Questions From Each Chapter Of JAMB Novel For 2017 UTME- In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka




'
Analysis of the novel 'IN DEPENDENCE by Sarah Ladipo Manyika's


Short Summary


In Dependence tells the story of Tayo Ajayi, a Nigerian man who gets a scholarship to study at Oxford in the 1960s, and Vanessa Richardson, the daughter of an ex-colonial officer. While it is a story of their love which spans from 1963 to 1998, it's way more than that. It's also a story about Nigeria, its independence and the changes that occur in the country post-independence - the Biafran war, the first coup and the numerous countercoups, military dictatorships, the brief return to civilian rule, exile of Nigerians, and towards the end of the book the eventual return to democracy.  There are also issues of race, racism and cultural differences. We see Tayo, Vanessa, as well as a host of other characters, live their lives amidst all these issues. 

Tayo is an intelligent man but he always seems to do wrong. He tries to do the right thing, never wants to hurt anyone but in the end he does, especially the women in his life - and there are quite a number of women in his life that he hurts.
Vanessa, on the other hand, dreams of being a journalist writing on African issues, marrying Tayo and moving with him to Nigeria to start a new life. Unfortunately life gets in the way and a host of things prevent most of her dreams from coming true. She does end up living one of her dreams - being a world renowned journalist on African issues.

Tayo and Vanessa end up living their lives independent of each other but no matter what they did, and where they were, the thoughts and love they had for each other lingered on (even though the other didn't necessarily know). I guess love really does stand the test of time.



JAMB SYLLABUS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Literature Syllabus For JAMB 2018

Click here to Read or Download literature key point


Click here to Read or Download our English Language keypoint

Critical Analysis of the Recommended Jamb Novel for Direct Entry(DE) Last Days at Forcados High School


Summary of Each Chapter Of JAMB Novel For 2018 UTME- In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka


Chapter One


Tayo is the first Nigeria to receive a scholarship to study at Balliol College, Oxford. He visits his relatives in the village of Ibadan before travelling the next day to uncle kayode's house, another relative in Lagos.

On the day he sets to sail, his parents, headmaster, some of his teachers and other Lagos-based relatives stands at the Lagos port to bid him goodbye.




Chapter Two




Tayo describes his journey through the seas and the warm reception he gets at England in a letter to his father. He mentions his new friends at the college and explains in details his perception of things in his new environment.

His father replies promptly, giving him precise report on the state of affairs in the family and the country.

Chapter Three


Mr. and Mrs. Barker, Tayo's older friends invites Tayo and Africans for a drink party in their home. There he formally meet Christine Arinze with whom he develops a casual relationship.

Chapter Four



Vanessa attends a party with her friends. There, she meets Charlie and Mehul. She gets drunk and wakes up the next morning with a splitting headache. Vanessa takes up her pen to write an article for the school magazine but changes her mind to write to her friend Jane instead.

Chapter Five




In attendance for the West Africa Society meeting is Tayo, his friends and other college students. After the meeting, he introduce himself to Vanessa Richardson who is also in attendance.

Inspite of being a trifle jealous of Tayo and Vanessa's chit, Christine invites him over to her place. She tells him about how she is struggling to maintain her academic excellence amongst other things. He console her and assures her that she will excel like she's always done.

Chapter Six



Tayo and Vanessa goes for a walk in the direction of the meadows. They talk on various issues ranging from Malcolm X's visit to oxford to Tayo's father's duties during colonial admission as well as Vanessa's father and grandfather's involvement in colonial services.

They outrun each other to a country pub where they bought drinks. They leave early because two men spill their drinks and Vanessa declines Tayo's offer of another one.

Chapter Seven




Vanessa goes back home for the Christmas holiday. She receive a not so warm welcome from her family as the atmosphere between her parents is strangely cold. At dinner, she has a misunderstanding with her father about his inviting apartheid friend to the Christmas party her African friends will also attend.

Chapter Eight




Tayo arrives Aberleigh, Vanessa's home in London for the Christmas party. Aside from being mistaken for a servant by one of mr. Richardson's friend, everything else goes smoothly.

Vanessa visit Tayo in the room he is spending the night in. They talk briefly on the demeanor of her parents and Tayo discuss his mother at Vanessa's prompting.

Chapter Nine




Tayo and Vanessa spend everyday of the week together and on Friday, she bring him daffodils to brighten up his room. Tayo shares one of his family photograph with Vanessa and the latter makes assessment of each member herself.

Vanessa on the other hand shares her worries about being on African correspondent considering her British lineage. Tayo reassures her that Africa needs good journalist; British or African can then pull her close for a dance.

Chapter Ten




Tayo and Vanessa spends Easter in Paris' with Simon and Nima. Tayo gets his first writing journal from Vanessa where he documents their stay in Paris from the first day. There, they live the Bohemian life - all four of them. A day before the completion of their holiday, Tayo gets a telegram that Christine is dead. While Tayo grieves for her, he also blames himself for not being sensitive enough to her needs as a friend.

Chapter Eleven




Vanessa and her family visits France to the Bastille holiday. Jane, Uncle Anthony, Mr and Mrs. Murdoch joins them in France. They engage in conflicting talks considering Uncle Anthony and Mr. Richardson's ever opposing views. Later that night, Jane confess to sleeping with Uncle Tony on their way home from the train station and Venessa also tells Jane about her relationship with Tayo.

Chapter Twelve



Vanessa writes to Tayo describing the weather in France and expresses her opinion on the margery Perham's review he is working on. Tayo replies and fondly relates his experience so far in Bradford with his cousine Tunde where those who aren't on scholarship like him have to work long hours to make end meet.

Chapter Thirteen




At Tunde's house in Brandford, London. Tunde and Yusuf decides to hold a party in honour of Gambia's independence. Yusuf and Tayo discuss the marriageability of either British or African women. The party is in full swing when Tayo finds himself pressing a lady to the wall. Suddenly he takes a punch to his jaw and a fight ensures.

A policeman arrives and takes them to the station for questioning.

Chapter Fourteen




Tayo decides against telling Vanessa the truth about his chpped tooth which he gets as a result of the fight in Bradford. He attends Yusuf's wedding with Joy, where Vanessa later joins him. On their way back, Vanessa accuses Tayo of lying about his relationship with the late Christone. Tayo tries to cajole her from her outburst but Vanessa wouldn't have none of it, so he leaves her in the carriage.

Chapter Fifteen




After their fight, Vanessa suggests they spend Christmas apart which Tayo promptly agrees to. He sets himself on a strict schedule and manages to survive alone until New Years Eve when he decides to make chicken stew. Vanessa walks in during his lousy attempt at cooking. They eventually settle their differences and spend the rest of the holiday together.

Chapter Sixteen



The New Year brings Tayo's uncle, Kayode to England. Vanessa gets to meet one of his family members and they get on so well. They discuss various topics ranging from Tayo's sporting prowess to Annais Nin, a writer of erotica. Vanessa concludes that she'll love to meet the rest of Tayo's family with Uncle as loving as that.

Chapter Seventeen



JAMB SYLLABUS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Literature Syllabus For JAMB 2018

Click here to Read or Download literature key point


Click here to Read or Download our English Language keypoint


Critical Analysis of the Recommended Jamb Novel for Direct Entry(DE) Last Days at Forcados High School


With a first-class degree and a graduate scholarship, Tayo gets a chance to speak at Bellamy Boy's School where Mr. Richardson works as a headmaster. His lecture is solely on Nigeria and it makes a big hit in the school.

Mr. Richardson invites Tayo to his office after his lecture and tells him on clear terms his views on Tayo's relationship with his daughter. Tayo returns to college sullen and Vanessa asks him what the matter is. He tells her father is not in support of their relationship to which Vanessa asks him to fight for them if he truely loves her.

Chapter Eighteen

Tayo is back in Ibadan, Nigeria due to his father's critical illness. He tries unsuccessfully to write to Vanessa due to his incessant pleading for more details of Englad. While ruminating on what to tell Vanessa in his letter, Tayo is called outside his room to hear the news of unsuccessful coup to kill Ironsi.

This leads to unrest in some parts of the country but Tayo reassures the people, telling them not to panic.

Chapter Nineteen

Tayo sends Vanessa a letter after a long while apologising for his long silence. He attributes it to his father's second heart attach, the coup d' etat and the civil war.

Vanessa leaves for Lagos after her exams, ignoring Tayo's telegram telling her not to visit yet.

After their loving reunion and Vanessa getting familliarized with the Lagos, Tayo tells Vanessa another woman is carrying his child. Vanessa, devastated, leaves.

Chapter Twenty

1970 at Dakar, Semegal, Vanessa now works as a correspondent for Reuters. She makes friend with Salamatou a Senegalese who braids her hair and teaches her the local language, Wolof.

Salamatou asks her about her love life. She touches briefly on Tayo, explaining to her that she's since move on.

Chapter Twenty One

In 1984, Tayo is a husband to Miriam and a father to Kemi. He is also an accomplished writer and a professor. One Sunday a month, they have lunch with friends at Yelwa club. There, they discuss various issues concerning the country and universities. After Lunch, Yusuf advises Tayo to limit the way he criticizes the government and Tayo tells him there's nothing to worry about.

Chapter Twenty Two

Tayo recalls how nhe ends up with Marriam and Flips through Vanessa's diary that he keeps in his drawer. Kemi, his daughter catches him unawares and chides him that he works too hard. Eventually, father tells daughter a story and they are joined by Mariam before they all go to bed.

Chapter Twenty Three

For the summer holiday, Tayo and his family decides to spend three weeks, Uncle Kayode's in Lagos his mother and other relatives in Ibadan. Despite Miriam's objection, Tayo visits an old man who serves Lord Lugard during his reign in Nigeria, instead of visting his mother in Ibadan.

On his return, he learns that his mother dies in a fatal accident while coming to Lagos to visit him and his family.

Chapter Twenty Four

Six months after the death of Tayo's mother, the coup to overthrow the democratic rulers by the millitary takes place successfully. The people's optimism quickly dies out when the millitary administration proves to be the as corrupt as the preceding rulers and this leads to lots of unrest and protests.

Admist the unrest, Miriam advises that they leaves Nigeria for England but Tayo objects claiming his loyalty to his country and wouldn't let him.

Chapter Twenty Five

In 1990, Tayo's hopes for improved educational system is dashed when a foundation that promises to help provides only second-hand books and old software programmes that can't be used due to lack of computers. Miriam and Kemi leave for England the previous year.

Chapter Twenty Six

In 1994, Tayo on his way back from his office meets soldiers who has mount up road blocks in order to inspect citizens or collect bribes. Tayo is surprised they do not ask him for money but instead they take him to the barracks for questioning. He is severely beaten and ask to stop his critical writing against the government.

Chapter Twenty Seven

Tayo meets vanessa for the first time after their break up, during his tour of England while promoting his new book on Lord Lugard. After the seminar, they both catch up on each other's lives. At the end of the evening, Tayo asks if he would kiss her but she politely declines, saying she would miss her train.

Chapter Twenty Eight

Vanessa sits at Broadwell Park reminiscing on her meeting with Tayo during his book tour. She revisit the past and dwells mostly on how she finds herself marrying Edward Barker, Tayo's friend in Oxford. Later that evening, Vanessa receives Mandelo's 'Long walk To Freedom' as a wedding present from her husband.

Chapter Twenty Nine

Tayo writes to Vanessa where he expresses himself freely like the old times. He shares his opinion on the role of artists in his letter. Vanessa earnestly implores him in her reply to be careful in his fall prey to the hands of military rulers. Tayo replies to her complaints about her failures as a mother by reasuring her she is a good mum and also tells her about his imperfections as a father and a husband.

Chapter Thirty

Vanessa drives Suleiman to the airport where he leaves for Senegal, his home country. Vanessa is heartbroken with the way they part and worries about him constantly. She bares her heart in a letter to Tayo, expressing her sadness and longing for what could have being. Eventually, she decided not to send it.

Chapter Thirty One

Vanessa visits her father, Mr. Richardson, who is now old and lives in the Carrington Home for the Elderly. With her father is murdoch and Mrs. Halliday. After the brief visit, she buys a fitting skirt in preparation to meet Tayo at the airport the next day. Unfortunately, Tayo is not on the list of those on the expected plane.

Chapter Thirty Two


On Tayo's way to the airport, his plan to visit Englad for a long while fails as he is involved in a ghasly accident orchestrated by the Nigerian military.

Chapter Thirty Three

After Tayo's survival of the accident that lost the life of his driver, Abdou, he resorts to living at Kemi's apartment in San Francisco. There she works as a nanny to fund her artistic pursuits.

Kemi sensing her father's depression suggest that he sees a therapist. Tayo promptly refuses, saying he doesn't need one. This outburst dregs up the ugly past making father and daughter exchange harsh words. Later that night, they apologize to one another.

Chapter Thirty Four

Vanessa, after the death of her father, tries to publish his manuscript. She finds out interesting news on the period of their stay in Nigeria as a family. She speculates on different twists to what leads to her mother's early departure from Nigeria. She reconciles with Suleiman, her son, who on his return to England promptly apologizes and resolves to start up a business.

Chapter Thirty Five

Tayo gets the opportunity to teach, which he does not appreciate initially but soon seems to enjoy. His legs heal completely, given to his long walks. He later recives a letter from the Nigerian president that states that he has being awarded a honoraby degree from oxford.










JAMB SYLLABUS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Literature Syllabus For JAMB 2018

Click here to Read or Download literature key point

Click here to Read or Download our English Language keypoint

Critical Analysis of the Recommended Jamb Novel for Direct Entry(DE) Last Days at Forcados High School

Chapter Thirty Six

Family and friends gather for the occasion in the Sheldonian, England. Tayo, after receiving his award joins his family while Kemi introduces herself, miriam and some other family members to Vanessa and her son. Tayo and Vanessa later steals away from the party to have an alone time.









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Themes of the novel in dependence by by Sarah Ladipo Manyika


The Theme of Love

Racism

Courage

Betrayal

Culture and Tradition

Idealism


Role of Major Characters of the novel in dependence by by Sarah Ladipo Manyika


1. Tayo

Tayo is the protagonist/main character of the novel. He is an intelligent man but he always seems to do wrong. He tries to do the right thing, never wants to hurt anyone but in the end he does, especially the women in his life - and there are quite a number of women in his life that he hurts.

2. Vanessa

Vanessa, on the other hand, dreams of being a journalist writing on African issues, marrying Tayo and moving with him to Nigeria to start a new life. Unfortunately life gets in the way and a host of things prevent most of her dreams from coming true. She does end up achieving one of her dreams - being a world renowned journalist on African issues.

3. Christine

Christine is the Nigerian woman that first caught Tayo’s eye. Christine is shown as an opinionated woman that does not shy away from engaging men in intellectual conversation. However, this character is killed off too quickly in the novel and the reason for her death—suicide, was not very convincing. It was hard to picture Christine as a love struck and defeated woman who would kill herself.

4. Jane

Vanessa’s cousin who is quite outspoken about her sexual encounter.

5. Vanessa’s Father

He was a colonial master in Nigeria before 1960. He is against Tayo marrying his daughter and has refused to accept Vanessa’s adopted half-cast son. He seemed more racial against half-casts earlier in the novel confronting Tayo about his fears for a half-cast grandchild. It was later understood that his hatred for the blacks was as a result of an affair his wife had with a black man during the colonial era.


SOME IMPORTANT CHARACTERS OF THE BOOK "IN DEPENDENCE" 



. Inspector Adeniyi Ajayi:

Tayo’s father who was once a court servant and an interpreter in the native administration before joining the police.

Mr Jonathan Richardson:

Father of Venessa.

4. Mrs Elizabeth Richardson:

Mother of Venessa.

5. Mr Edward Maximilian Barker:

The one who welcomed Omotayo prior to the letter given to Tayo by Mr Faircliff.

6. Headmaster Faircliff:

Tayo’s Headmaster.

7. Mr Clark:

Tayo's Mathematics Teacher.

8. Mr Blackburn:

British empire history teacher.

9. Bisi and Remi:

Siblings of Tayo.

10. Modupe:

Tayo’s Lover before going to Oxford at age 19.

11. Uncle Bolu also known as Uncle B:

Tayo’s uncle who loved drinking and women. And women also loved him in return.

12. Uncle Oluwakayode Ogundipe:

A Big Man in Lagos, who lived in a luxurious, a senior army officer before leaving for France to study Engineering. He was able to meet Venessa.

13. Helen:

Uncle Kayode’s wife.

14. Aunty Bayo:

Former girl friend of Uncle Kayode.

15. Mr Lekan Olajide from Ogbomoso on a voyage. 


16. Mr Ibrahim Mohammed from Kaduna on a voyage


17. Mrs Isabella Barker: An attractive young Italian woman who preferred to be called "Isabella". 


18. Mr Ike Nwade: A student of History. 


19. Mr Bolaji Ladipupo: A Law student. 


20. Miss Christine Arinze:

A student of Modern language who later became Tayo’s girlfriend but had a misunderstanding with Tayo because he didn’t want a longtime relationship. She later on had Ike has her boyfriend. She died of drug overdose (Suicide).

21. Christopher Okigbo:

A poet and Omotayo’s teacher.

22. Venessa Richardson"

aka Moremi by Tayo to show her fighting spirit": Tayo’s white Lady lover.

23. Gita from Kenya:

An English student.

24. Pat:

A Physicist.

25. Jane:

A Friend to Venessa a physicist also (whites).

26. Charlie and Mehul:

(whites)

27. Simon:

The president of west African Student.



28. Francis:

From Ghana who was with the idea that independence came far too early for africans

29. Maynes Keynes:

Venessa’s grandpa was in the colonial service Juma and Saratu? Are they cats?

30. Lord Lugard:

was once the governor of Hong kong before coming to Nigeria and he also became our governor in the year 1914

31. Nancy Murdoch and Mr Murdoch. 


32. Uncle Tony:

who had s*x with Jane.

33. Madam Pagnole.

34. Chinua Achebe:

things fall apart and No longer at Ease.

35. Nkrumah:

The first president of Ghana and Senghor of Senegal Kenyatt.

36. Tunde:

the cousin of Tayo who works in the bakery.

37. Yusuf Abubakar:

who works in the hospital. HE believed white women were only meant for friendship but not for marriage with his genuine reasons.

38. Joyce:

Yusuf’s white girlfriend who said he hasn’t heard Yusuf speak Nigerian before and then Yusuf replied her: you daft one, no one speaks Nigerian.

39. Mr and Mrs winter:

across the road at Bradley

40. Joy Williams:

The black WOMAN Yusuf got married to.

41. Anais Nin:

The first British erotic writer.

42. Nigerian coup d’etat and Biafran war. 


43. Salamatou:

an hairstylist in Dakar, Senegal who died in a motor accident

44. Jean Luc:

A French who had promised to marry Salamatou but ran away after he got to know she was pregnant.

45. Miriam:

A nurse, whom treated Tayo’s father and got pregnant for Tayo. Got married to Tayo and gave birth to Kemi.

46. Kemi:

Daughter of Tayo and Miriam

47. President Shagari. 


48. Mr Akin: A carver. 


49. Wole Soyinka:

Okri the Booker.

50. Aureol:

SHIPPING COMPANY.

51. Dogun Dutse Mobile station. 


52. Samir:

From Bradford.

53. Suleiman:

Salamatou’s son hence Venessa’s adopted son. A Muslim he became and a drop out from Cambridge.

54. Abdou:

The driver who was taken Tayo to the airport before an accident occur.

55. Laurent:

Kemi’s boyfriend.

56. Danjuma:

The gardener.

57. Professor John

Harris: He is the man whom Kemi introduced to his father from the University.





JAMB SYLLABUS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Literature Syllabus For JAMB 2018

Click here to Read or Download literature key point


Click here to Read or Download our English Language keypoint


Critical Analysis of the Recommended Jamb Novel for Direct Entry(DE) Last Days at Forcados High School

Likely Questions From Each Chapter Of JAMB Novel For 2018 UTME- In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka





Chapter One Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka


1. For what purpose is Tayo travelling to England?
Ans: To take up a scholarship at Balliol College, Oxford
2. What is the name of Tayo’s school in England?
Ans: Balliol College
3. What is the significance of Tayo’s visit to relatives before embarking on his journey to England?   Ans: It is their tradition
4. Through what means of transportation does Tayo travel to England?
Ans: Water

Chapter Two Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka

5. Why is Tayo surprised that people do not greet each other in passing in England?
Ans: Because in Nigeria, so much value is attached to greetings
6. In what subject did Bisi receive the highest honours?
Ans: Geography
7. In the Ajayi motto, all things are expected to be done with moderation except what?
Ans: Study

Chapter Three Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answer of the novel In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka


8. Who is Mr Barker?
Ans: He His headmaster and Mr Faircliffe’s old colleague
9. What reminds Tayo of his mother in the Barkers’ house?
Ans: Isabella cooks wonderful meals in a way that reminds Tayo of his mother
10. Christine was in her third year of study when?
Ans: Tayo met her for the first Time

Chapter Four Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka


11. What is Vanessa Richardson’s nationality?
Ans; English
12. What is the name of the friend that Vanessa wrote a letter to, concerning the status of women? Ans: Jane
13. The full meaning of JACARI is?
Ans: Joint Action Committee Against Racial Inequality

Chapter Five Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka



14. What are Christine’s reasons for putting an end to her relationship with Tayo?
Ans: Because she was called ‘clingy’ and the fear of her boy being snatched by  some woman
15. The language of fun among Tayo’s Nigerian friends is ?
Ans: Pidgin
16. What are the things that made Tayo remember home each time he is at Christine’s place?
Ans: Her cooking which reminds him of mama and the juju and highlife music she plays

Chapter Six Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel In Dependence By Sarah Mayinka


17. What is the trait that Nessa cherises in Tayo and that is absence in Charlie and Mehul?
Ans: Humility
18. What does Nessa mean by saying she has a ‘’small confession’’ to make?
Ans: She has connections to Nigeria as her father is a colonial officer  over there
19. What did Tayo name Vanessa as?
Ans; Moremi

Chapter Seven Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answer of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


20. What delicacies did Vanessa’s mother make to welcome her daughter?
Ans: Chicken pie and cake
21. For what occasion did her mother ask her whom she was inviting?
Ans: Christmas party
22. Whom did Vanessa’s father invite for the occasion?
Ans: His South African racist miner friends.

Chapter Eight Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


23. How old was the Richardson’s house when Tayo attended a party there?
Ans: About 200 years
24. “We all get embarrassed by our parents”.  Who said this?
Ans: Tayo
25: To whom was it said?
Ans: Vanessa's

Chapter Nine Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers
of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


26. What, according to the narrator, did Nessa admire in Tayo when she visited him in the room and saw him organizing his records in piles?
Ans: His tidiness

Chapter Ten Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers
of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


27. Where did Simon suggest that they (him, Tayo and their two girlfriends) spend Easter?
Ans: Paris
28. Christine died by------?
Ans: Suicide
29. Why did Tayo feel guilty about Christine’s death?
Ans: His refusal to respond properly to her letters and not giving her attention

Chapter Eleven Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


30. Who is the only family Tayo has in England?
Ans: Tunde
31. Why does Vanessa’s father detest Uncle Tony?
Ans: To him, he is unconventional to him and because he had the opportunity of achieving a place at Cambridge University which Vanessa’s father didn’t have
32. What qualities did the narrator ascribe to Nancy?
Ans; She is being described as having a ‘supercilious (arrogantly proud) tone and feigned generosity’

Chapter Twelve Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


33. What made Tayo realise how lucky he was for getting a scholarship at Balliol?
Ans: He witnessed the life of struggle most African students live, engaging in ridiculous and exhausting jobs such as bakery and hospital work to make ends meet
34. What do the signs: “No Dogs, No Irish, No Coloureds’’ (Africans and Indians) symbolise in the novel?
Ans: Racism
35. The least strenuous work was reserved for whom?
Ans: The English

Chapter Thirteen Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


36. Where was bathing done since there is no bathroom in Tunde’s house?
Ans; Kitchen (in tins) or public baths.
37. For what purpose(s) did Tunde throw a party in his house?
Ans: For Tayo and to celebrate Gambia’s independence
38. ‘’Nigerian women are the best’’ who said this?
Ans: Yusuf

Chapter Fourteen Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


39. Whose wedding did Tayo and Vanessa attend?
Ans: Yusuf’s
40. Joyce was expected to be the bride, but the bride turned out to be whom?
Ans: Joy
41. ‘’No! Don’t Moremi me’’ Who made this statement?
Ans: Vanessa

Fifteen Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers
of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


42. On New Year’s Eve, what happened to Tayo?
Ans: He woke up homesick
43. Where did he buy his chicken from?
Ans: The Covered Market

Chapter Sixteen Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


44. The finest hotel in Oxford is…?
Ans: Randolph Hotel
45. According to the narrative, who is Tayo’s favourite uncle?
Ans: Uncle Kayode

Chapter Seven Teen Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



46. Who invited Tayo to lead his school assembly with a lecture on Nigeria?
Ans: Mr Richardson
47. ‘’What are your intentions with my daughter?’’  Who made this statement?
Ans: Mr Richardson
48. Who sent Tayo the telegram which reads: ‘’Baba is in hospital, recovering.  Return home immediately’’?
Ans: Tayo’s mother

Chapter Eighteen Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


49. What does Tayo despise Mr Richardson for?
Ans: Bigotry
50. Who is Dele?
Ans: The village  drunk

Chapter Nineteen Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


51. What circumstance led to the end of Tayo and Vanessa’s relationship?
Ans: Tayo impregnated a woman

Chapter Tweenty Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


52. In this narrative, Nessa’s dreams as portrayed by the writer are…?
Ans: Writing about African art and culture
53. Who is Salamatou?
Ans: A single mother of half-caste  Sulaiman

Chapter Tweentyone Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



54. In Tayo’s opinion, what are the root causes of oil corruption and a broken civil service in Nigeria? Ans: Greed and mismanagement
55. In what university was Tayo offered a job?
Ans: Birmingham University
56. Who is Miriam?
Answer: Tayo’s wife

Chapter Twenty-two Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



57. Whose diary did Tayo discover in his study?
Ans: Vanessa’s
58. Why is Miriam loved by Tayo’s family?
Ans: She nursed Tayo’s father with care when he had stroke

Chapter Twenty-three Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



59. Whose house is described as ‘Beauty in the Heart of Darkness’?
Ans: Uncle Kayode’s house
60, What is the name of the local artiste that took Tayo to the village?
Ans: Akin

Chapter Twenty-Four Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



61. What led to the closure of universities?
Ans: University students protest
62. For what reason is Tayo Opposed to leaving the country?
Ans: He Wanted to wait and help his students

Chapter Twenty FiveLikely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



63. In order of occurrence, what are the challenges Tayo faced that made him reconsider leaving Nigeria?
Ans: The broken pipe, his house boy’s leave of him, his disappointment in the Foundation and threats to his life.
64. What was his purpose of planning to travel to New York, even though he eventually could not? Ans: To receive an award for his book
65. Why did Simon arrange a meeting for Tayo and whom did he hold it with?
Ans: To help in the possible funding of Tayo’s university
66. What was the outcome of the meeting?
Ans: Disappointment

Chapter Twenty-Six Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



67. Who challenged Tayo on the road on his way home?
Ans: The soldiers
68. What reason did the soldiers give for bringing Tayo home?
Ans: They said Tayo had an accident while driving recklessly

Chapter Twenty-Seven Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



69. What circumstance led to the death of Nessa’s mother?
Ans: Cancer
70. What killed Tayo’s father?
Ans: Stroke
71. By what means did Tayo’s mother die?
Ans: An accident

Chapter Twenty-Eight Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



72. How many years of marriage did Nessa and Edward celebrate at their wedding anniversary?
Ans: 18 years
73. ‘’To the woman I love, and with whom I have walked the best 18 years of my life’’. Who made this statement?
Ans: Edward
74. To whom was the statement made?
Ans: Vanessa

Chapter Twenty-Nine Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



75. What is responsible for the divorce between Tayo and his wife?
Ans: Tayo took priority in his students over his wife and child
76. For what reason was Tayo detained?
Ans: For showing his students Perry Henzel’s film, The Harder They Come.

Chapter Thirty Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



77. What does Vanessa mean by the pick-up-your-stick-and-sandals marriage?
Ans: A kind of love story wherein two lovers who are each other’s first love do not get to marry each other but meet later in life to re-unite
78. ‘’Ah, fuck you, Mum!’’ Who said this?
Ans: Suleiman

Chapter Thirty-One Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


79. What is the name of the home in which Nessa went to check on her aged father?
Ans: The Carrington Home for the Elderly
80. For what reason did Nessa tell her father when she was going to the airport?
Ans: To meet Tayo
81. What was her father looking for before she came?
Ans: His pen

Chapter Thirty-Two Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



82. What is name of Tayo’s driver?
Ans: Abdou
83. ‘’Marriage is a serious thing’’ who said this?
Ans: Tayo
84. To whom was it said?
Ans: Abdoun

Chapter Thirty-Three Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka


85. In what part of the U.S. did Kemi reside?
Ans: San Francisco
86. Whose money was used for Tayo’s treatment after his accident?
Ans: Miriam’s

Chapter Thirty-Four Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



87. Why was Vanessa initially reluctant to publish her father’s manuscript?
Ans: The poor relationship between her and her father
88. Why did Vanessa’s mother return to England with young Vanessa, while her father remained in Nigeria?
Ans: Vanessa’s mother had an affair with their gardener, Danjuma.

Chapter Thirty-Five Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



89. Tayo was employed to teach Oral histories in Northern Nigeria and the political history of West Africa in?
Ans: San Francisco.
90. ‘‘…Race is a part of the fabric of this nation.  You’re either black or you’re white, and this affects every aspect of your life’’ who said this?
Ans: Kwame
91. To whom was this said?
Ans: Tayo

Chapter Thirty-Six Likely JAMB UTME Questions And Answers of the novel 'In Dependence' By Sarah Mayinka



92. What honorary degree did Tayo receive?
Ans: Doctorate of literature
93. Who asked Tayo and Nessa to help take a photograph of them?
Ans: A middle-aged couple
94. Did Miriam grace the occasion of Tayo’s award of honorary degree?
Ans: Yes






About the Novel

In Dependence was published in the UK in 2008; in Nigeria in 2009 and in the US in 2011. It is Sarah Ladipo Manyika’s debut novel. The novel begins in the early 1960s when Tayo Ajayi meets Vanessa Richardson, the beautiful daughter of an ex-colonial officer. Their story, which spans three continents and four turbulent decades, is that of a brave but bittersweet love affair. It is the story of individuals struggling to find their place within uncertain political times – a story of passion and idealism, courage and betrayal.


Although, In Dependence can suitably pass for a love story, it is far more than that, as it also traces the journey of the political history of Nigeria; the military coups, the bad and deceitful leadership and its experimental steps towards democracy/civilian rule.


Also, it brings the social realities of Nigeria into light- a situation where the poor gets poorer everyday without any improvement. With the events surrounding Tayo’s life, Sarah Manyika brings to limelight the effects of bad governance on the country’s tertiary institutions (universities) and the ensuing massive brain drain that Africa has experienced. There are also issues of racial discrimination and cultural dichotomy and we see Tayo, Vanessa and other characters live their lives amidst these issues.


Outside the political spheres, In Dependence is Tayo and Vanessa's story of a brave but bittersweet love affair. It is the story of two people struggling to find themselves and each other - a story of passion and idealism, courage and betrayal, and the universal desire to fall, madly and deeply in love.


Furthermore, it is a convincing narrative on the price we pay for the decisions we make in our lives, whether right or wrong; and life sometimes is just about doing what makes you happy regardless of people's opinions. Unfortunately, most of African cultures reject such philosophy. For us, life is not only about the individual but also about family, relatives, communities, tradition, culture etc.


Through an authentic and objective voice, the novelist ensures that all these realities that characterize Nigeria and Africa at large are adequately portrayed in her story.


About the Author

Sarah Ladipo Manyika was raised in Nigeria and has lived in Kenya, France, and England. She holds a Ph.D from the University of California, Berkeley, and currently teaches literature at San Francisco State University. Her writing includes essays, academic papers, reviews and short stories. Her second novel, Like a Mule Bringing Ice Cream to the Sun was published April 1, 2016 by Cassava Republic Press (Abuja-London). Her debut novel, In Dependence was published by Legend Press (London) and Cassava Republic Press.


http://literature366.blogspot.com/2017/03/analysis-of-novel-in-dependence-by.html










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Critical Analysis of the Recommended Jamb Novel for Direct Entry(DE) Last Days at Forcados High School
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72 comments:

  1. why is the book titled independence?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Cos it started from the early 1960 right after independence

      Delete
    2. I think it's because Tayo was never able to follow he's heart but and he is usually been intimidated easily..

      Delete
    3. I think it's because Tayo was never able to follow he's heart but and he is usually been intimidated easily..

      Delete
    4. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

      Delete
  2. Replies
    1. This an awesome analysis... Didnt know that there is a blog like this, indeed I have been lacking behind... Commenting from www.scholarmaris.com

      Delete
  3. Why is the book tittle independence?

    ReplyDelete
  4. It is titled in dependence because they still thought about each other despite the fact that they were miles away from each other

    ReplyDelete
  5. since he was a Nigeria, hw was his child an half cast

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Re u talking about tayo's child? If so, his child is not an half cast.

      Delete
    2. Re u talking about tayo's child? If so, his child is not an half cast.

      Delete
    3. Are u talking about tayo's child? If so, his child is not an half cast

      Delete
    4. U are reading for English JAMB and ya talking like this "since he was a NIGERIA"

      Delete
  6. How did tayo's relationship with Christiane end up

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It end up because christiane didn't want someone to steal her boyfriend cause he saw Tayo like a womaniser and Tayo was scared of a long team relationship

      Delete
  7. You make a lot of sense in view about white people and Nigeria government. I thank God almighty for yourlife.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Good work done on In Dependence.

    We could put the Questions on our LMS for free Assessment of JAMB students if you approve

    ReplyDelete
  9. Thank you so much for this.. It is just what I wanted.. God bless you plenty plenty...

    ReplyDelete
  10. Thank you so much for this.. It is just what I wanted.. God bless you plenty plenty...

    ReplyDelete
  11. Wow this is actually what I want... Thank you admin, guys join the 2017 jambite whatsapp group whatsapp me on this number 07063661430

    ReplyDelete
  12. What course did Tayo studied at balliol Oxford

    ReplyDelete
  13. The analysis is more comprehendible than the novel itself

    ReplyDelete
  14. The analysis is more comprehendible than the novel itself

    ReplyDelete
  15. The story was complicated... Miriam married tayo... Wow

    ReplyDelete
  16. The story is a complicated love issue... Tayo married Miriam frm where . . That's when I became sad

    ReplyDelete
  17. what a lovely and interesting novel, it aids my thought on white people about what they really think of we africans... nice one!girl

    ReplyDelete
  18. boring book but with lots of lessons though, the only interesting thing about the book is tayo and vanessa

    ReplyDelete
  19. Terkula manaseh.(manex.T)6 May 2017 at 14:34

    Enter your comment...I thank de writter 4 such an interesting book.thanks.....

    ReplyDelete
  20. I GO FOR THE SUMMARY NOT THAT CRAZY NOVEL. TANKS ALOT

    ReplyDelete
  21. I go for the summary not that crazy Novel. Tanks alot

    ReplyDelete
  22. Gud job on d novel

    ReplyDelete
  23. Gud job on d novel

    ReplyDelete
  24. I prefer d analysis 2 the novel....'cause I cant really get along with it
    But its a nice story tho-bitter sweet at that.

    ReplyDelete
  25. I prefer the analysis to the novel....'cause I cant really get along with it
    But its a nice story tho-bitter sweet at that.

    ReplyDelete
  26. I prefer the analysis to the novel....'cause I cant really get along with it
    But its a nice story tho-bitter sweet at that.
    And it's also very easy to understand.

    ReplyDelete
  27. Tnxs 4 d summary

    ReplyDelete
  28. Jeremiah Temidayo12 May 2017 at 13:41

    The summary is even better than the novel. Thank a lot big bros, more grease to ur elbow.

    ReplyDelete
  29. This post is so helpful. Thanks for the good job.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Y z d story titled In dependence?

    ReplyDelete
  31. wow,dis isgreat

    ReplyDelete
  32. There are two words there, they are 'Independence' and 'In Dependence'. The former, besides being related to the political history of Nigeria, the fact is they were seemingly independent of each other, nevertheless, they were still dependent on each other. They were far apart in d flesh; they however, longed for each other in their hearts. Take a closer look at the front cover design of book 'JAMB' version, it says a lot. Thanks for d summary, egbon. Thanks to u all too.

    ReplyDelete
  33. to the contemporary society sarah is giving an incite of her own personal life which went through all racial prejudice



    ReplyDelete
  34. the book is a presentation of societal prejudice which Vanessa and Tayo have to face together either in Nigeria or England

    ReplyDelete
  35. How can I copy this

    ReplyDelete
  36. This is really inspiring thanks for the update.

    @naijatrace

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